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Commonly Used Acronyms

Extramural funding comes from many sources.  Many of these sources are federally funded.  To speed identification and allow for ease of reference, acronyms are commonly used in the solicitation, offers, and request for proposals. OSP has compiled a list of these acronyms to assist with common federal acronyms.

For federal awards/subawards issued to Virginia Tech with a start date prior to December 26, 2014, 2 CFR Part 215 (OMB Circular A-110) and 2 CFR, Part 220 (OMB Circular A-21) apply. For all new funds (new awards and new monies, such as continuation awards, supplements, etc. received for existing awards) with a start date on or after December 26, 2014, these new funds are subject to 2 CFR Part 200 commonly referred to as Uniform Guidance—Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal

Acronym Definition
2 CFR Part 200 Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for
Federal Awards or Uniform Guidance
OMB Circular A-110 - Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and
Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals or Other Nonprofit
A-133  OMB Circular A-133 - Audits of States, Local Governments and Non-Profit
A-21 OMB Circular A-21 - Cost Principles for Educational Institutions
AAALAC American Association of Animal Laboratory Accreditation Council
AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges
AAU Association of American Universities
ABRF Association of Bimolecular Resource Facilities
ACM Association of American Medical Colleges
ACO Administrative Contracting Officer
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
AFAA Air Force Audit Agency
AFARS Army Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement
AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Researchf
AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory
ANPRM Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
ARDA Advanced Research & Development Activity
ARL Army Research Lab
ARO Army Research Office
ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency
ASAP Automated Standard Application for Payments
ATP Advance Technology Program
B2B Business to Business
BAA Broad Agency Announcement
BANNER Virginia Tech’s business enterprise management software suite
BBB Better Business Bureaus
BPA Blanket Purchase Agreement
BPN Business Partner Network
BSC Business Service Center
C Classified Paragraph (in government classified documents)
CAS Cost Accounting Standards
CASB Cost Accounting Standards Board
CBD Commerce Business Daily
CBO Congressional Budget Office
CCH Commerce Clearing House
CCI Controlled Cryptographic Item (CCI)
CCR Central Contractor Registration
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CFDA Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
CFO  Chief Financial Officer
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CFS Committee on Fundamental Science
CICA Competition in Contracting Act
C-IED Counter Improvised Explosive Device
CLIN Contract Line Item Number
CMIA Cash Management Improvement Act
CNO Chief of Naval Operations
CO Contracting Officer
COG Councils of Governments
COGR Council on Governmental Relations
COI Conflict of Interest
COR Contracting Officer's Representative
COS Committee on Science of the National Science and Technology Council
COSEPUP Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy
COSO Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission
COTR Contract Officer Technical Representative
CPI Critical Program Information
CPSR Contractor Procurement/Property System Review
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
CRS Congressional Research Service
CSR Center for Scientific Review
CTSA Clinical and Translational Science Award
CUI Controlled Unclassified Information
DA Department of the Army
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DAU Defense Acquisition University
DAWIA Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act
DC Direct Costs
DCAA Defense Contract Audit Agency
DCASR's Defense Contract Administration Services Regions
DCE Direct Cost Equivalent
DEAR Department of Energy Acquisition Regulations
DEC Determination of Exceptional Circumstances
DED Department of Education
DFARS Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation
DFARS Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement`
DHEW Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency
DIALOG A computer based search system using key words
DIPEC Defense Industrial Plant Equipment Council
DIS Defense Investigative Service
DNA Defense Nuclear Agency
DOC Department of Commerce
DOD Department of Defense
DODGARS Department of Defense Grant and Agreement Regulations
DOE Department of Energy
DOL Department of Labor
DOT Department of Transportation
DSMB Data Safety Monitoring Board
EAR Export Administration Regulations
EARS Electronic Approval and Routing Systems
ebXML Electronic Business Extensible Markup Language
EC Electronic Commerce
eCFR Electronic Code of Federal Regulations
EDA Economic Development Administration
EDGAR Education Department General Administration Regulations
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
EEO Equal Employment Opportunity
EEOC Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EFT Electronic Funds Transfer
EO Presidential Executive Order
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ERA Economic Regulatory Administration
ERA Electronic Research Administration
ERISA Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1301-1461)
ETA Employment and Training Administration
EUI Energy Usage Index
EVS Equipment Visibility System
F&A Facilities and Administrative (Rate or Cost)
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FAC Federal Audit Clearinghouse
FAI Federal Acquisition Institute
FAIN Federal Award Identification Number
FAN Federal Acquisition Regulation Alert Notice
FAPIIS Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System
FAR Federal Acquisition Regulation
FARS Financial Accounting and Reporting System
FAS Federal Acquisition Service
FASA Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act
FASAB Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board
FASB Financial Accounting Standards Board
FASEB Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
FBO Federal Business Opportunities
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FCST Federal Council for Science and Technology
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FDP I   Federal Demonstration Project
FDP II Federal Demonstration Project
FDP III and IV Federal Demonstration Partnership
FEA Federal Enterprise Architectures
FECAI Federal Electronic Commerce Acquisition Instructions
FEDIX An on-line federal data base serving most federal agencies for on-line searches
FedRAMP Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FFATA Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 or Transparency Act
FFMIA Federal Financial Management Improvement Act
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
FICA Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FICC Federal Interagency Coordinating Council
FIMA Financial Management System
FIPSE Fund for Improvement of Postsecondary Education
FISAP Fiscal Operations Report & Application to Participate
FMC Federal Management Circular
FN Foreign National
FOB Free-on-board
FOIA Freedom of Information Act
FOUO For Official Use Only
FR Federal Register
FS&T Federal Science and Technology Budget
FTC Federal Trade Commission
FTE Full-time equivalent
FTS Federal Telecommunications System
FWA Federal Wide Assurance
FY Fiscal Year
GA General Administration (Costs)
GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
GAGAS Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards
GAO Government Accountability Office
GASB Governmental Accounting Standards Board
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GMO Grants Management Office
GMRA Government Management Reform Act
GOCO Government owned, contractor operated
GPG Grant Proposal Guide (NSF)
GPO Government Printing Office
GPRA Government Performance and Results Act
GSA General Services Administration
GUIRR Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable
HBCU Historically Black College and University
HCFA Health Care Financing Administration
HDIAC Homeland Defense and Security Information Analysis Center
HEGIS Higher Education General Information Survey
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration
HSARPA Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency
HUD Department of Housing and Urban Development
IACUC Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee
IAEGC Inter-Agency Electronic Grants Committee
IASB International Accounting Standards Board
IBC Institutional Bio-safety Committee
IBS Institutional Base Salary
ICC Interstate Commerce Commission
IDC Indirect Costs
IDIQ Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity
IED Improvised Explosive Device
IG Inspector General
IHE Institutions of Higher Education
IPA Intergovernmental Personnel Act
IPASS Interagency Panel on Advanced Science and Security
IPR Intellectual Property Rights
IR&D Independent Research and Development
IRAB FDP Initiative to Reduce Administrative Burden
Institutional Review Board
IRC Internal Revenue Code
IRIS  An on-line search system for research opportunities developed by the University of
IRS Internal Revenue Service
ISDEAA Indian Self-Determination and Education and Assistance Act
ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations
ITMRA Information Technology Management Reform Act
ITQ Invitation to Qualify
JAG Judge Advocate General
JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff
LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
LES Law Enforcement Sensitive
LOB Line of Business
LSA Labor Surplus Area
M&O Maintenance and Operations or Management and Operations Contractors
MAS Multiple Award Schedules
MBDA Minority Business Development Agency
MBE Minority Business Enterprise
MECA Midwest Conference on College Cost Accounting
MOBIS Mission Oriented Business Integrated Services
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MTA Material Transfer Agreement
MTC Modified Total Cost
MTDC Modified Total Direct Costs
NACCA National Conference on College Cost Accounting
NACUBO National Association of College and University Business Officers
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASULGC National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges
NCC National Coordinating Committee
NCI National Cancer Institute
NCRR National Center for Research Resources
NCST National Council of Science and Technology
NCURA National Council of University Research Administrators
NECA Northeast Conference on College Cost Accounting
NEH  National Endowment for the Humanities
NGA  Notice of Grant Award
NIAID National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases
NIE National Institute of Education
NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Services
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIJ National Institute of Justice
NIOSH Centers for Disease Control National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NLRB National Labor Relations Board
NNSA National Nuclear Security Administration
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOFORN No Foreign Nationals
 NPR National Performance Review
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NPS National Park Service
NRC National Research Council
NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NRL Naval Research Laboratory
NSA National Security Agency
NSB National Science Board
NSC National Security Council
NSDD National Security Decision Directive 189 (issued 1985)
NSF National Science Foundation
NSF/STIS An on-line search system of the National Science Foundation
NSP Not Separately Priced
NSTC National Science Technology Council
NTIS National Technical Information Service
NTSB National Transportation Safety Board
O&M Operations and Maintenance Costs
OASIS Multiple award, Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contracts that provide
flexible and innovative solutions for complex professional services
OCR Office of Civil Rights
ODNI Office of the Director of National Intelligence
OES Office of Employment Security
OET Office of Employment Training
OFAC Office of Foreign Assets Control
OFCC Office of Federal Contract Compliance
OFFM Office of Federal Financial Management
OFM Office of Financial Management
OFR Office of the Federal Register
OHRP Office of Human Research Protection
OIG Office of Inspector General
OIRA Office of Information & Regulatory Affairs (OMB)
OLAW Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare
OMB Office of Management and Budget
ONR Office of Naval Research
OPEB Other Postemployment Benefits
OPERA Office of Policy for Extramural Research Administration
OPM Office of Personnel Management
OPRR Office for Protection from Research Risks
ORA Office of Research Administration
ORAU Oak Ridge Associated Universities
ORI Office of Research Integrity
OSEP Office of Special Education Programs
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSP Office of Sponsored Programs
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
OT Office of Transportation
OTT Office of Technology Transfer (NIH)
PCAOB Public Company Accounting Oversight Board
PCAST President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology
PCC Policy Coordination Council
PCO Procuring Contracting Officer
PDF Portable Document Format
PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
PHI Protected Health Information
PHS Public Health Service
PIGABS Principal Investigator Grant Administration Burden Survey (done by FDP)
PII Personally Identifiable Information
PKI Public Key Infrastructure
PM/CPI Performance Management/Continuous Process Improvement
PMS Payment Management System
PRD Presidential Review Directive
PRHP Post-retirement Health Plans
PROG Peer Review Oversight Group
PSS Professional Services Schedule
PTE Pass-through Entity
PTO Patent and Trademark Office
R&D Research and Development
R&R Research and Related
RAC Recombinant DNA Committee
RBM Research Business Models
RCR Responsible Conduct in Research
RDMS Relational Database Management System
RDNA Recombinant DNA Research
REUI Relative Energy Usage Index
RFA Request for Applications
RFP Request for Proposal
RFQ Request for Quotation
ROI Return on Investment
S Secret Paragraph (in government classified documents)
S&W Salaries and Wages
S&W + B Salaries and Wages plus Benefits
S2S System to System
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration
SAM System for Award Management (accessible at
SB Small Business
SBA Small Business Administration
SBIR Small Business Innovation Research
SBU Sensitive but Unclassified
SCI Sensitive Compartmented Information
SEC Securities and Exchange Commission
SECA Southeast Conference on College Cost Accounting
SEOG Supplemental Education Opportunity Grants
SEVIS Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (INS for tracking foreign
SF Standard Form
SFA Student Financial Aid
SNAP Streamline Non-Competing Application Process
SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
SOW Statement of Work
SOX Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act, or Corporate and Auditing Accountability and Responsibility Act
SPA Sponsored Programs Associate
SPAWAR U.S. Navy Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command
SPIN An on-line search system for research opportunities developed by the University of New York (SUNY) System
SPOC Single Point of Contact
SRA Society of Research Administrators
SRO Sponsored Research Office
STEP Science, Technology and Economic Policy Board
STP  Science and Technology Policy
SUMMIT Virginia Tech’s electronic proposal system
T&A Time and attendance
TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
TBSR Total Business Systems Review
TDC Total Direct Costs
TEPS Enterprise Wide Technical, Engineering, and Programmatic Support Services
TFM Treasury Financial Manual
Title IX  Federal law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program, award or activity
TS Top Secret Paragraph (in government classified documents)
TSA Transportation Security Administration
TTS Technology Transformation Service
U Unclassified Paragraph (in government classified documents)
U.S.C. United States Code
UBIT Unrelated Business Income Tax
UCA Utility Cost Adjustment
UG Uniform Guidance—Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards) also referred to as 2 CFR Part 200
USA United States Army`
USAF United States Air Force
USAID United States Agency for International Development
USC United States Code
USCG United States Coast Guard
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
USDE United States Department of Energy
USIA United States Information Agency
USMC Unites States Marine Corps
USN United States Navy
VA Department of Veterans Affairs
VAT Value Added Tax
WAWF Department of Defense Wide Area Workflow
WECA Western Conference on College Cost Accounting
WHO World Health Organization
XML Extensible Markup Language
YCC Youth Conservation Corps