Virginia Tech®home

Useful References and Texts

American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM)

Anatomy / Necropsy of Rats and Mice

Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) Bibliographies

  • Bibliographies and Resource Guides

Behavioral Research - Animal Welfare Concerns

  • "Methods and Welfare Considerations in Behavioral Research with Animals; A Report of the National Institutes of Health" - Handbook to Provide Guidance to Institution IACUCs

Biological Safety in Animal Facilities

Canadian Council on Animal Care

Environmental Enrichment


Humane Endpoints other than "Death as an Endpoint"

IACUC Handbook

Silverman J, Suckow M, and Murthy S, eds. 2000. The IACUC Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 538 pp.

Investigator / Staff Training

In the Name of Science - Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation. F. Barbara Orlans. Oxford Press, 1996. 312 pp.

Journals / Publications

Pain, Analgesia, and Anesthesia